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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-14

Distinct patterns of interleukin-12/23 and tumor necrosis factor α synthesis by activated macrophages are modulated by glucose and colon cancer metabolites


1 Graduate Institute of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei; Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan
2 Graduate Institute of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Linda Chia-Hui Yu
Graduate Institute of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Suite 1020, 1 Jen-Ai Rd. Sec. 1, Taipei
Taiwan
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Source of Support: This study was supported by grants from the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST 107-2320-B-005-001, 107-2320-B-002-041-MY3, 106-2320-B-002-017, and 105-2811-B-002-014) and National Taiwan University (NTU-CDP-105R7798 and NTU-CCP-106R890504)., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/CJP.CJP_75_19

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Chronic inflammation is a major risk factor for colitis-associated colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Macrophages play a key role in altering the tumor microenvironment by producing pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Our previous studies showed that glucose metabolism conferred death resistance for tumor progression and exerted anti-inflammatory effects in ischemic gut mucosa. However, the effect of glucose and cancer metabolites in modulating macrophage cytokine profiles remains poorly defined. We used an in vitro system to mimic intestinal microenvironment and to investigate the roles of glucose and cancer metabolites in the cross-talk between carcinoma cells and macrophages. Human monocyte-derived THP-1 macrophages were stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the presence of conditioned media (CM) collected from human CRC Caco-2 cells incubated in either glucose-free or glucose-containing media. Our results demonstrated that glucose modulated the macrophage cytokine production, including decreased LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e., tumor necrosis factor [TNF]α and interleukin [IL]-6) and increased anti-inflammatory cytokine (i.e., IL-10), at resting state. Moreover, glucose-containing CM reduced the macrophage secretion of TNFα and IL-8 but elevated the IL-12 and IL-23 levels, showing an opposite pattern of distinct pro-inflammatory cytokines modulated by cancer glucose metabolites. In contrast, LPS-induced production of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 (a macrophage-derived chemoattractant for granulocytes) was not altered by glucose or CM, indicating that resident macrophages may play a more dominant role than infiltrating granulocytes for responding to cancer metabolites. In conclusion, glucose metabolites from CRC triggered distinct changes in the cytokine profiles in macrophages. The downregulation of death-inducing TNFα and upregulation of Th1/17-polarizing IL-12/IL-23 axis in macrophages caused by exposure to cancer-derived glucose metabolites may contribute to tumor progression.


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