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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 5: Results of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction on the tumor necrotic factor-alpha and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA expression in renal cortex of rats. Relative expression levels of each gene were obtained by using the comparative Ct method. *: A significant increase for ischemia/reperfusion group compared to the sham group (P < 0.05). &: A significant increase for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA expression at Royal Jelly group compared to ischemia/reperfusion group (P < 0.05).#: Significant increase for tumor necrotic factor-alpha mRNA expression at Royal Jelly treated group compared to ischemia/reperfusion group (P < 0.05)

Figure 5: Results of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction on the tumor necrotic factor-alpha and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA expression in renal cortex of rats. Relative expression levels of each gene were obtained by using the comparative Ct method. *: A significant increase for ischemia/reperfusion group compared to the sham group (<i>P</i> < 0.05). &: A significant increase for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA expression at Royal Jelly group compared to ischemia/reperfusion group (<i>P</i> < 0.05).<sup>#</sup>: Significant increase for tumor necrotic factor-alpha mRNA expression at Royal Jelly treated group compared to ischemia/reperfusion group (<i>P</i> < 0.05)