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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 2: Effects of PLA, MCa, and PB supplementation on plasma Leu (a and b), Ile (c and d), Val (e and f), and overall BCAAs (Leu, Ile, and Val; g and h) levels of Wistar rats. Values are presented as means ± SE of 4–5 animals. Data from rats treated with protein supplementations at 30 and 90 min are expressed as % of values from rats treated with PLA at 30 min (considered as 100%; a and b, 232 ± 28.7 μM plasma of Leu; c and d, 100 ± 14 and μM plasma of Ile; e and f, 198 ± 34.6 μM plasma of Val; g and h, 505 ± 56.4 μM plasma of overall BCAAs), while data from rats treated with protein supplementations at 450 min are expressed as percentage of values from rats treated with PLA at 450 min (considered as 100%; a and b, 233 ± 18.2 μM plasma of Leu; c and d, 98 ± 5.1 μM plasma of Ile; e and f, 151 ± 2.7 μM plasma of Val; g and h, 481 ± 20.7 μM plasma of overall BCAAs).aP < 0.05 versus PLA 30 min;bP < 0.05 versus MCa 30 min;cP < 0.05 versus MCa 90 min;dP < 0.05 versus PB 30 min;eP < 0.05 versus PB 90 min (two-way analysis of variance, followed by a Holm-Sidak posttest). Leu: Leucine; Ile: Isoleucine; Val: Valine; BCAAs: Branched-chain amino acids; PLA: Placebo; MCa: Micellar casein; PB: Protein blend (MCa plus whey protein).

Figure 2: Effects of PLA, MCa, and PB supplementation on plasma Leu (a and b), Ile (c and d), Val (e and f), and overall BCAAs (Leu, Ile, and Val; g and h) levels of Wistar rats. Values are presented as means ± SE of 4–5 animals. Data from rats treated with protein supplementations at 30 and 90 min are expressed as % of values from rats treated with PLA at 30 min (considered as 100%; a and b, 232 ± 28.7 μM plasma of Leu; c and d, 100 ± 14 and μM plasma of Ile; e and f, 198 ± 34.6 μM plasma of Val; g and h, 505 ± 56.4 μM plasma of overall BCAAs), while data from rats treated with protein supplementations at 450 min are expressed as percentage of values from rats treated with PLA at 450 min (considered as 100%; a and b, 233 ± 18.2 μM plasma of Leu; c and d, 98 ± 5.1 μM plasma of Ile; e and f, 151 ± 2.7 μM plasma of Val; g and h, 481 ± 20.7 μM plasma of overall BCAAs).<sup>a</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 versus PLA 30 min;<sup>b</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 versus MCa 30 min;<sup>c</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 versus MCa 90 min;<sup>d</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 versus PB 30 min;<sup>e</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 versus PB 90 min (two-way analysis of variance, followed by a Holm-Sidak posttest<i>).</i> Leu: Leucine; Ile: Isoleucine; Val: Valine; BCAAs: Branched-chain amino acids; PLA: Placebo; MCa: Micellar casein; PB: Protein blend (MCa plus whey protein).