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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 72-79

Deficit of female sex hormones desensitizes rat cardiac mitophagy

1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tepmanas Bupha-Intr
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, 272 Rama VI Road, Bangkok 10400
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cjp.cjp_102_20

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Long-term deprivation of female sex hormones has been shown to mediate accumulation of damaged mitochondria in ventricular muscle leading to cardiovascular dysfunction. Therefore, the roles of female sex hormones in mitochondrial quality control are closely focused. In the present study, depletion of female sex hormones impairing mitochondrial autophagy in the heart was hypothesized. Cardiac mitophagy was therefore investigated in the heart of 10-week ovariectomized (OVX) and sham-operated (SHAM) rats. By using isolated mitochondria preparation, results demonstrated an increase in mitochondrial PTEN-induced kinase 1 accumulation in the sample of OVX rats indicating mitochondrial outer membrane dysfunction. However, no change in p62 and LC3-II translocation to mitochondria was observed between two groups indicating unresponsiveness of mitophagosome formation in the OVX rat heart. This loss might be resulted from significant decreases in Parkin and Bcl2l13 expression, but not Bnip3 activation. In summary, results suggest that mitochondrial abnormality in the heart after deprivation of female sex hormones could consequently be due to desensitization of mitophagy process.

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